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The Effects of Individual and Team Competitions on Performance, Emotions, and Effort

Cooke, A. and Kavussanu, M. and McIntyre, D. and Ring, C. (2013) The Effects of Individual and Team Competitions on Performance, Emotions, and Effort. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 35 ((2)). pp. 132-143.

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Abstract

It is well documented that competition can affect performance and emotion in sport. However, our understanding of the comparative effects of individual and team competitions on performance and emotion is limited. We also know little about emotion-based mechanisms underlying the effects of different types of competition on performance. To address these issues, 64 participants completed a handgrip endurance task during time-trial, one-on-one, two-on-two, and four-on-four competitions while self-report and possible corroborative physiological measures of enjoyment, anxiety, and effort were assessed. Results indicated that performance, enjoyment, anxiety, and effort increased from individual to team competitions. The observed increases in performance were mediated by increased enjoyment and effort. Our findings illustrate differential effects of individual and team competitions on performance and emotion. Moreover, they indicate that both enjoyment-based and anxiety-based mechanisms can explain changes in performance among different types of individual and team competition.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Research Publications
Departments: College of Health and Behavioural Sciences > School of Sport, Health and Exercise Sciences
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2014 16:44
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2015 03:07
ISSN: 0895-2779
URI: http://e.bangor.ac.uk/id/eprint/900
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