Elucidating the Roles of Motives and Gains in Exercise Participation

Ingledew, D.K. and Markland, D. and Strömmer, S.T. (2013) Elucidating the Roles of Motives and Gains in Exercise Participation. Sport, Exercise and Performance Psychology, 3 (2). pp. 116-131. DOI: 10.1037/spy0000004

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Previous research into the role of exercise motives (what people want from exercise) has overlooked the possible role of gains (what people get) and hence the possible benefits of motive fulfillment (when people get what they want). To redress this imbalance, we examined the additive and interactive effects of motives and subjective gains on exercise-specific outcomes. Young adults (N = 196) completed measures of exercise motives and gains, and exercise behavioral regulation, amount, satisfaction, and intention. Four representative motives/gains were selected: appearance, positive health, challenge, and affiliation. Path analysis was used to test the effects of motives, gains, and their products (the interactive effects) on behavioral regulations, and thereby exercise amount, satisfaction, and intention. Controlled regulation increased with appearance motive, unless appearance gain was high. Controlled regulation had a negative effect on exercise satisfaction. Autonomous regulation increased with positive health motive, provided positive health gain was high; with challenge motive and gain; and with affiliation motive. Autonomous regulation had positive effects on exercise amount, satisfaction, and intention. The study corroborates previous findings about the effects of motives. It establishes the value of also studying gains, as moderators of the effects of motives, and in their own right. The findings are interpretable in terms of self-determination theory. Exercise promotion could be more effective if it focused on gains in conjunction with motives.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Research Publications
Departments: College of Health and Behavioural Sciences > School of Psychology
College of Health and Behavioural Sciences > School of Sport, Health and Exercise Sciences
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2014 16:39
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2015 02:17
ISSN: 2157-3905
Publisher's Statement: This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.
URI: http://e.bangor.ac.uk/id/eprint/682
Identification Number: DOI: 10.1037/spy0000004
Publisher: American Psychological Association
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