Not all risks are equal: The risk taking inventory for high-risk sports

Woodman, T. and Barlow, M. and Bandura, C. and Hill, M. and Kupciw, D. and MacGregor, A. (2013) Not all risks are equal: The risk taking inventory for high-risk sports. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 35 (5). pp. 479-492.

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Although high-risk sport participants are typically considered a homogenous risk-taking population, attitudes to risk within the high-risk domain can vary considerably. As no validated measure allows researchers to assess risk taking within this domain, we validated the Risk Taking Inventory (RTI) for high-risk sport across four studies. The RTI comprises seven items across two factors: deliberate risk taking and precautionary behaviors. In Study 1 (n = 341), the inventory was refined and tested via a confirmatory factor analysis used in an exploratory fashion. The subsequent three studies confirmed the RTI's good model-data fit via three further separate confirmatory factor analyses. In Study 2 (n = 518) and in Study 3 (n = 290), concurrent validity was also confirmed via associations with other related traits (sensation seeking, behavioral activation, behavioral inhibition, impulsivity, self-esteem, extraversion, and conscientiousness). In Study 4 (n = 365), predictive validity was confirmed via associations with mean accidents and mean close calls in the high-risk domain. Finally, in Study 4, the self-report version of the inventory was significantly associated with an informant version of the inventory. The measure will allow researchers and practitioners to investigate risk taking as a variable that is conceptually distinct from participation in a high-risk sport

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Research Publications
Departments: College of Health and Behavioural Sciences > School of Sport, Health and Exercise Sciences
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2014 16:39
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2016 02:40
ISSN: 0895-2779
Publisher's Statement: As accepted for publication
URI: http://e.bangor.ac.uk/id/eprint/677
Publisher: Human Kinetics
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