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Impact of childhood experience and adult well-being on eating preferences and behaviours

Russell, S.J. and Hughes, K. and Bellis, M.A. (2016) Impact of childhood experience and adult well-being on eating preferences and behaviours. BMJ Open, 6 (1). e007770. DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-007770

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Abstract

Objectives To examine the relative contribution of childhood experience, measured by childhood violence and childhood happiness, and adult well-being on adult eating preferences and behaviours, independent of proximal factors such as current deprivation. Design A cross-sectional, stratified, randomised sample survey using retrospective measures of childhood violence and happiness and self-reported measures of current well-being. Setting The North West Region of England between September 2012 and March 2013. Participants Individuals aged 18�95-year-olds from randomly selected households (participation was successful for 90% of eligible households and 78% of the total visited addresses; n=11�243). Outcomes Dichotomised measures for preference of healthy foods or �feel good� foods and low or high daily fruit and vegetable consumption. Results After correcting for demographics, combined categories for childhood experience and dichotomised measures of adult well-being were found to be significantly related to adult food preferences and eating behaviours. Participants with unhappy and violent childhoods compared to those with happy and non-violent childhoods had adjusted ORs (95% CI, significance) of 2.67 (2.15 to 3.06, p<0.001) of having low daily fruit and vegetable intake (two or less portions) and 1.53 (1.29 to 1.81, p<0.001) of choosing �feel good� foods over foods which were good for their long term health. Conclusions Daily intake of fruit and vegetables, linked to non-communicable diseases, and preference for �feel good� foods, linked to obesity, are affected by childhood experience and adult well-being independent of demographic factors. Preventative interventions which support parent�child relationships and improve childhood experience are likely to reduce the development of poor dietary and other health-risk behaviours.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Research Publications
Departments: College of Health and Behavioural Sciences > Institute of Medical & Social Care Research
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2016 03:15
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2016 03:12
ISSN: 2044-6055
URI: http://e.bangor.ac.uk/id/eprint/6229
Identification Number: DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-007770
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
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