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Physiological responses to digestion in low salinity in the crabs Carcinus maenas and Cancer irroratus

Penney, C.M. and Patton, R.L. and Whiteley, N.M. and Driedzic, W.R. and McGaw, I.J. (2015) Physiological responses to digestion in low salinity in the crabs Carcinus maenas and Cancer irroratus. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 191. pp. 127-139. DOI: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2015.10.007

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Abstract

Osmoregulation and digestion are energetically demanding, and crabs that move into low salinity environments to feed must be able to balance the demands of both processes. Achieving this balance may pose greater challenges for weak than for efficient osmoregulators. This study examined the rate of oxygen consumption (MO2) of Carcinus maenas (efficient osmoregulator) and Cancer irroratus (weak osmoregulator) as a function of feeding and hyposaline stress. The MO2 increased 2-fold in both species following feeding. The MO2 increased and remained elevated in fasted crabs during acute hyposaline exposure. When hyposaline stress occurred after feeding, C. maenas responded with an immediate summation of the MO2 associated with feeding and hyposaline stress, whereas C. irroratus reacted with a partial summation of responses in a salinity of 24 parts per thousand, but were unable to sum responses in 16 parts per thousand. C. irroratus exhibited longer gut transit times. This may be due to an inability to regulate osmotic water onload as efficiently as C. maenas. Mechanical digestion in crabs can account for a significant portion of SDA, and a short term interruption led to the delay in summation of metabolic demands. Although protein synthesis is reported to account for the majority of SDA, this did not appear to be the case here. Protein synthesis rates were higher in C. irroratus but neither feeding or salinity affected protein synthesis rates of either species which suggests that protein synthesis can continue in low salinity as long as substrates are available.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Research Publications
Departments: College of Natural Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
College of Natural Sciences > School of Ocean Sciences
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2016 03:26
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2016 03:26
ISSN: 1095-6433
URI: http://e.bangor.ac.uk/id/eprint/6201
Identification Number: DOI: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2015.10.007
Publisher: Elsevier
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