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Executive control in older Welsh monolinguals and bilinguals

Clare, L. and Whitaker, C.J. and Martyr, A. and Martin-Forbes, P.A. and Bastable, A.J. and Pye, K.L. and Quinn, C. and Thomas, E.M. and Mueller Gathercole, V.C. and Hindle, J.V. (2016) Executive control in older Welsh monolinguals and bilinguals. Journal of Cognitive Psychology. (In Press)

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Abstract

Evidence for a bilingual advantage in executive control has led to the suggestion that being bilingual might protect against late-life cognitive decline. We assessed the performance of socially homogeneous groups of older (� 60 years) bilingual Welsh/English (n = 50) and monolingual English (n = 49) speakers on a range of executive control tasks yielding 17 indices for comparison. Effect sizes (> .2) favoured monolinguals on 10 indices, with negligible differences observed on the remaining 7 indices. Univariate analyses indicated that monolinguals performed significantly better on two of 17 indices. Multivariate analysis indicated no significant overall differences between the two groups in performance on executive tasks. Older Welsh bilinguals do not show a bilingual advantage in executive control, and where differences are observed, these tend to favour monolinguals. A possible explanation may lie in the nature of the sociolinguistic context and its influence on cognitive processing in the bilingual group.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Research Publications
Departments: College of Business, Law, Education and Social Sciences > School of Education
College of Health and Behavioural Sciences > Institute of Medical & Social Care Research
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2016 03:36
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2016 03:36
ISSN: 2044-5911
URI: http://e.bangor.ac.uk/id/eprint/6140
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
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