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Coping, mindfulness, occupational stress and burnout amongst healthcare professionals employed within forensic inpatient settings

Kriakous, Sarah Angela (2015) Coping, mindfulness, occupational stress and burnout amongst healthcare professionals employed within forensic inpatient settings. PhD thesis, Prifysgol Bangor University.

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Abstract

Although working within forensic inpatient settings can be emotionally challenging and stressful, no research has investigated the role of coping and mindfulness upon occupational stress and burnout amongst mental healthcare professionals (MHCPs) employed within secure hospitals (SHs). The literature review explored the effectiveness of Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) programmes on psychological functioning in healthcare professionals. MBSR appeared to be effective in reducing anxiety, depression, trait anger, rumination and stress, and increasing mindfulness and self-compassion. However, MBSR did not prove to be as effective in reducing burnout or improving resilience. Abbreviated MBSR programmes of less than four weeks appeared to be a viable alternative to the standard eight week programmes. Improved quality studies with more robust study designs were recommended. The research study investigated the role of coping and mindfulness upon occupational stress and burnout amongst MHCPs employed within forensic inpatient settings. A total of 151 MHCPs from five SHs in Wales completed four questionnaires, measuring dispositional mindfulness, coping, occupational stress and burnout. MHCPs reported elevated levels of occupational stress. Despite moderate levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalisation, MHCPs retained a positive sense of personal accomplishment, and felt confident in performing their duties. Higher levels of mindfulness were significantly associated with lower levels of maladaptive coping, stress and burnout levels, therefore, mindfulness based interventions (MBIs) could prove to be a viable intervention to support MHCPs in SHs. Section 1 - 3 - Higher levels of the mindfulness facet, acting with awareness, were found to significantly predict lower levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalisation. This research also suggested that higher levels of acting with awareness may help prevent emotional exhaustion and depersonalisation in MHCPs employed in SHs. The literature review and research paper findings were discussed in relation to theory development, clinical implications and future research, followed by a reflective commentary detailing process and personal issues that the researcher encountered from conducting the research study.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Subjects: Degree Thesis
Departments: College of Health and Behavioural Sciences > School of Psychology > Clinical Psychology
Degree Thesis
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2015 16:13
Last Modified: 05 May 2016 16:00
URI: http://e.bangor.ac.uk/id/eprint/6032
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