Development of the Exercise Motives and Gains Inventory

Strömmer, S.S. and Ingledew, D.K. and Markland, D. (2015) Development of the Exercise Motives and Gains Inventory. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 19 (2). pp. 53-68. DOI: 10.1080/1091367X.2015.1036162

34132.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (473kB) | Preview


There are existing measures of exercise motives (what people want from exercise), but corresponding measures of gains (what people get) are needed, because motives and gains could influence each other and together influence other variables. An exercise motives and gains inventory (EMGI) was developed by creating gains scales to complement existing Exercise Motivations Inventory 2 scales. Confirmatory factor analyses of EMGI items established that items reflected their intended constructs; and that motive and gain constructs were distinct. Exploratory structural equation modeling of EMGI scales established that the higher-order structures of motives and gains were somewhat different: Appearance motive was associated with weight management, whereas appearance gain was associated with health and fitness. Paired-sample t-tests established that gains were less than motives in some instances (ill-health avoidance, positive health), and greater in others (e.g., affiliation, challenge). The EMGI can be used to investigate the consequences and causes of motives and gains.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Research Publications
Departments: College of Health and Behavioural Sciences > School of Psychology
College of Health and Behavioural Sciences > School of Sport, Health and Exercise Sciences
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2015 02:17
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 03:25
ISSN: 1091-367X
Publisher's Statement: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science on 15/05/2015, available online: http://wwww.tandfonline.com//doi/10.1080/1091367X.2015.1036162
URI: http://e.bangor.ac.uk/id/eprint/5852
Identification Number: DOI: 10.1080/1091367X.2015.1036162
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Administer Item Administer Item

eBangor is powered by EPrints 3 which is developed by the School of Electronics and Computer Science at the University of Southampton. More information and software credits.