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Vacuum-thermal-evaporation: the route for roll-to-roll production of large-area organic electronic circuits

Taylor, D.M. (2015) Vacuum-thermal-evaporation: the route for roll-to-roll production of large-area organic electronic circuits. Semiconductor Science and Technology, 30 (5). DOI: 10.1088/0268-1242/30/5/054002

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Abstract

Surprisingly little consideration is apparently being given to vacuum-evaporation as the route for the roll-to-roll (R2R) production of large-area organic electronic circuits. While considerable progress has been made by combining silicon lithographic approaches with solution processing, it is not obvious that these will be compatible with a low-cost, high-speed R2R process. Most efforts at achieving this ambition are directed at conventional solution printing approaches such as inkjet and gravure. This is surprising considering that vacuum-evaporation of organic semiconductors (OSCs) is already used commercially in the production of organic light emitting diode displays. Beginning from a discussion of the materials and geometrical parameters determining transistor performance and drawing on results from numerous publications, this review makes a case for vacuum-evaporation as an enabler of R2R organic circuit production. The potential of the vacuum route is benchmarked against solution approaches and found to be highly competitive. For example, evaporated small molecules tend to have higher mobility than printed OSCs. High resolution metal patterning on plastic films is already a low-cost commercial process for high-volume packaging applications. Similarly, solvent-free flash-evaporation and polymerization of thin films on plastic substrates is also a high-volume commercial process and has been shown capable of producing robust gate dielectrics. Reports of basic logic circuit elements produced in a vacuum R2R environment are reviewed and shown to be superior to all-solution printing approaches. Finally, the main issues that need to be resolved in order to fully develop the vacuum route to R2R circuit production are highlighted

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Research Publications
Departments: College of Physical and Applied Sciences > School of Electronic Engineering
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2015 03:17
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2015 03:17
ISSN: 0268-1242
URI: http://e.bangor.ac.uk/id/eprint/5742
Identification Number: DOI: 10.1088/0268-1242/30/5/054002
Publisher: IOP Publishing
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