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Temporal effects of alignment in text-based, task-oriented discourse

Foltz, A. and Gaspers, J. and Meyer, C. and Thiele, K. and Cimiano, P. and Stenneken, P. (2014) Temporal effects of alignment in text-based, task-oriented discourse. Discourse Processes, 52 (8). pp. 609-641. DOI: 10.1080/0163853X.2014.977696

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Abstract

Communicative alignment refers to adaptation to one's communication partner. Temporal aspects of such alignment have been little explored. This article examines temporal aspects of lexical and syntactic alignment (i.e., tendencies to use the interlocutor's lexical items and syntactic structures) in task-oriented discourse. In particular, we investigate whether lexical and syntactic alignment increases throughout the discourse and whether alignment contributes to speedy task completion. We present data from a text-based chat game in which participants instructed each other on where to place objects in a grid. Our methodological approach allows calculating a robust baseline and revealed reliable lexical and syntactic alignment. However, only lexical alignment, but not syntactic alignment, was sensitive to temporal aspects in that only lexical alignment increased throughout the discourse and positively affected task completion time. We discuss how these results relate to the communicative task and mention implications for models of alignment.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Research Publications
Departments: College of Arts and Humanities > School of Linguistics and English Language
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2015 02:11
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2016 02:52
ISSN: 0163-853X
Publisher's Statement: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Discourse Processes on 22/12/2014, available online: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0163853X.2014.977696
URI: http://e.bangor.ac.uk/id/eprint/5534
Identification Number: DOI: 10.1080/0163853X.2014.977696
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
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