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International migration and the propagation of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa

Docquier, F. and Vasilakis, C. and Tamfutu Munsi, D. (2014) International migration and the propagation of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Health Economics, 35. pp. 20-33. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2014.01.004

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Abstract

In this paper, we identify and quantify the role of international migration in the propagation of HIV across sub-Saharan African countries. We use panel data on bilateral migration flows and HIV prevalence rates covering 44 countries after 1990. Controlling for unobserved heterogeneity, reverse causality, reflection issues, incorrect treatment of country fixed effects and spatial autocorrelation, we find evidence of a highly robust emigration-induced propagation mechanism. On the contrary, immigration has no significant effect. Numerical experiments reveal that the long-run effect of emigration accounts for more than 4 percent of the number of HIV cases in 15 countries (and more than 20 percent in 6 countries).

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Research Publications
Departments: College of Business, Law, Education and Social Sciences > Bangor Business School
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2015 02:33
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2015 02:33
ISSN: 0167-6296
URI: http://e.bangor.ac.uk/id/eprint/5426
Identification Number: DOI: 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2014.01.004
Publisher: Elsevier
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