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Gradually Getting Better: Trajectories of Change in Rumination and Anxious Worry in Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Prevention of Relapse to Recurrent Depression

Ietsuji, T. and Crane, C. and Hackmann, A. and Brennan, K. and Gross, M. and Crane, R.S. and Silverton, S. and Radford, S. and Eames, C. and Fennell, M.J.V. and Williams, M.G. and Barnhofer, T. (2014) Gradually Getting Better: Trajectories of Change in Rumination and Anxious Worry in Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Prevention of Relapse to Recurrent Depression. Mindfulness, 6 (5). pp. 1088-1094. DOI: 10.1007/s12671-014-0358-3

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Abstract

Increased tendencies towards ruminative responses to negative mood and anxious worry are important vulnerability factors for relapse to depression. In this study, we investigated the trajectories of change in rumination and anxious worry over the course of an eight-week programme of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) for relapse prevention in patients with a history of recurrent depression. One hundred and four participants from the MBCT-arm of a randomized-controlled trial provided weekly ratings. Mixed linear models indicated that changes in rumination and worry over the course of the programme followed a general linear trend, with considerable variation around this trend as indicated by significant increases in model fit following inclusion of random slopes. Exploration of individual trajectories showed that, despite considerable fluctuation, there is little evidence to suggest that sudden gains are a common occurrence. The findings are in line with the general notion that, in MBCT, reductions in vulnerability are driven mainly through regular and consistent practice, and that sudden cognitive insights alone are unlikely to lead into lasting effects.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Research Publications
Departments: College of Health and Behavioural Sciences > School of Psychology
Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2015 02:46
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2015 02:37
ISSN: 1868-8527
URI: http://e.bangor.ac.uk/id/eprint/5301
Identification Number: DOI: 10.1007/s12671-014-0358-3
Publisher: Springer
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