eBangor

Investigating the Relationship between Stable Personality Characteristics and Automatic Imitation

Butler, E.E. and Ward, R. and Ramsey, R. (2015) Investigating the Relationship between Stable Personality Characteristics and Automatic Imitation. Plos One. Article Number e0129651. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0129651

[img]
Preview
Text
32694.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

Automatic imitation is a cornerstone of nonverbal communication that fosters rapport between interaction partners. Recent research has suggested that stable dimensions of personality are antecedents to automatic imitation, but the empirical evidence linking imitation with personality traits is restricted to a few studies with modest sample sizes. Additionally, atypical imitation has been documented in autism spectrum disorders and schizophrenia, but the mechanisms underpinning these behavioural profiles remain unclear. Using a larger sample than prior studies (N=243), the current study tested whether performance on a computer-based automatic imitation task could be predicted by personality traits associated with social behaviour (extraversion and agreeableness) and with disorders of social cognition (autistic-like and schizotypal traits). Further personality traits (narcissism and empathy) were assessed in a subsample of participants (N=57). Multiple regression analyses showed that personality measures did not predict automatic imitation. In addition, using a similar analytical approach to prior studies, no differences in imitation performance emerged when only the highest and lowest 20 participants on each trait variable were compared. These data weaken support for the view that stable personality traits are antecedents to automatic imitation and that neural mechanisms thought to support automatic imitation, such as the mirror neuron system, are dysfunctional in autism spectrum disorders or schizophrenia. In sum, the impact that personality variables have on automatic imitation is less universal than initial reports suggest

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Research Publications
Departments: College of Health and Behavioural Sciences > School of Psychology
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2015 02:27
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2015 02:46
ISSN: 1932-6203
URI: http://e.bangor.ac.uk/id/eprint/5132
Identification Number: DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0129651
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLOS)
Administer Item Administer Item

eBangor is powered by EPrints 3 which is developed by the School of Electronics and Computer Science at the University of Southampton. More information and software credits.