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First 20 years of DNDC (DeNitrification DeComposition): Model evolution

Gilhepsy, S.L. and Anthony, S. and Cardenas, L. and Chadwick, D.R. and del Prado, A. and Changsheng Li, and Misselbrook, T. and Rees, R.M. and Salas, W. and Sanz-Cobena, A and Smith, P. and Tilston, E.L. and Topp, C.F.E. and Vetter, S. and Yeluripati, J.B (2014) First 20 years of DNDC (DeNitrification DeComposition): Model evolution. Ecological Modelling, 292. pp. 51-62. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2014.09.004

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Abstract

Mathematical models, such as the DNDC (DeNitrification DeComposition) model, are powerful tools that are increasingly being used to examine the potential impacts of management and climate change in agriculture. DNDC can simulate the processes responsible for production, consumption and transport of nitrous oxide (N2O). During the last 20 years DNDC has been modified and adapted by various research groups around the world to suit specific purposes and circumstances. In this paper we review the different versions of the DNDC model including models developed for different ecosystems, e.g. Forest-DNDC, Forest-DNDC-Tropica, regionalised for different areas of the world, e.g. NZ-DNDC, UK-DNDC, modified to suit specific crops, e.g. DNDC-Rice, DNDC-CSW or modularised e.g. Mobile-DNDC, Landscape-DNDC. A �family tree� and chronological history of the DNDC model is presented, outlining the main features of each version. A literature search was conducted and a survey sent out to c. 1500 model users worldwide to obtain information on the use and development of DNDC. Survey results highlight the many strengths of DNDC including the comparative ease with which the DNDC model can be used and the attractiveness of the graphical user interface. Identified weaknesses could be rectified by providing a more comprehensive user manual, version control and increasing model transparency in collaboration with the Global Research Alliance Modelling Platform (GRAMP), which has much to offer the DNDC user community in terms of promoting the use of DNDC and addressing the deficiencies in the present arrangements for the models� stewardship.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Research Publications
Departments: College of Natural Sciences > School of Environment, Natural Resources and Geography
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2015 02:14
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2015 02:52
ISSN: 0304-3800
URI: http://e.bangor.ac.uk/id/eprint/4851
Identification Number: DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2014.09.004
Publisher: Elsevier
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