eBangor

Does legislation to prevent alcohol sales to drunk individuals work? Measuring the propensity for night-time sales to drunks in a UK city

Hughes, K. and Bellis, M.A. and Leckenby, N. and Quigg, Z. and Hardcastle, K. and Sharples, O. and Llewellyn, D.J. (2014) Does legislation to prevent alcohol sales to drunk individuals work? Measuring the propensity for night-time sales to drunks in a UK city. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 68. pp. 453-456. DOI: 10.1136/jech-2013-203287

Full-text not available from this repository..

Abstract

Background By measuring alcohol retailers� propensity to illegally sell alcohol to young people who appear highly intoxicated, we examine whether UK legislation is effective at preventing health harms resulting from drunk individuals continuing to access alcohol. Methods 73 randomly selected pubs, bars and nightclubs in a city in North West England were subjected to an alcohol purchase test by pseudo-drunk actors. Observers recorded venue characteristics to identify poorly managed and problematic (PMP) bars. Results 83.6% of purchase attempts resulted in a sale of alcohol to a pseudo-intoxicated actor. Alcohol sales increased with the number of PMP markers bars had, yet even in those with no markers, 66.7% of purchase attempts resulted in a sale. Bar servers often recognised signs of drunkenness in actors, but still served them. In 18% of alcohol sales, servers attempted to up-sell by suggesting actors purchase double rather than single vodkas. Conclusions UK law preventing sales of alcohol to drunks is routinely broken in nightlife environments, yet prosecutions are rare. Nightlife drunkenness places enormous burdens on health and health services. Preventing alcohol sales to drunks should be a public health priority, while policy failures on issues, such as alcohol pricing, are revisited.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Research Publications
Departments: College of Health and Behavioural Sciences > Institute of Medical & Social Care Research
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2015 03:33
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2015 03:00
ISSN: 1470-2738
URI: http://e.bangor.ac.uk/id/eprint/3377
Identification Number: DOI: 10.1136/jech-2013-203287
Publisher: BMJ Books
Administer Item Administer Item

eBangor is powered by EPrints 3 which is developed by the School of Electronics and Computer Science at the University of Southampton. More information and software credits.