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Effects of competitive pressure on expert performance: Underlying psychological, physiological, and kinematic mechanisms

Cooke, A. and Kavussanu, M. and McIntyre, D. and Boardley, I.D. and Ring, C. (2011) Effects of competitive pressure on expert performance: Underlying psychological, physiological, and kinematic mechanisms. Psychophysiology, 48 ((8)). pp. 1146-1156. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.2011.01175.x

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Abstract

Although it is well established that performance is influenced by competitive pressure, our understanding of the mechanisms which underlie the pressure�performance relationship is limited. The current experiment examined mediators of the relationship between competitive pressure and motor skill performance of experts. Psychological, physiological, and kinematic responses to three levels of competitive pressure were measured in 50 expert golfers, during a golf putting task. Elevated competitive pressure increased putting accuracy, anxiety, effort, and heart rate, but decreased grip force. Quadratic effects of pressure were noted for self-reported conscious processing and impact velocity. Mediation analyses revealed that effort and heart rate partially mediated improved performance. The findings indicate that competitive pressure elicits effects on expert performance through both psychological and physiological pathways.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Research Publications
Departments: College of Health and Behavioural Sciences > School of Sport, Health and Exercise Sciences
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2014 17:02
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2015 03:20
ISSN: 1469-8986
URI: http://e.bangor.ac.uk/id/eprint/1835
Identification Number: DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.2011.01175.x
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