eBangor

A systematic comparison of factors affecting the choice of matrix language in three bilingual communities.

Carter, D. and Deuchar, M. and Davies, P. and Parafita Couto, M.C. (2011) A systematic comparison of factors affecting the choice of matrix language in three bilingual communities. Journal of Language Contact, 4 (2). 153 – 183. DOI: 10.1163/187740911X592808

[img]
Preview
Text
27109.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (400kB) | Preview

Abstract

In this paper we compare the code-switching (CS) patterns in three bilingual corpora collected in Wales, Miami and Patagonia, Argentina. Using the Matrix Language Framework to do a clause-based analysis of a sample of data, we consider the impact of structural relationships and extra-linguistic factors on CS patterns. We find that the Matrix Language (ML) is uniform where the language pairs have contrasting word orders, as in Welsh-English (VSO-SVO) and WelshSpanish (VSO-SVO) but diverse where the word order is similar as in Spanish-English (SVO-SVO). We find that the diversity of the ML in Miami is related to the diversity of degrees of proficiency, ethnic identities, and social networks amongst members of that community, while the uniformity of the ML in Wales is related to the uniformity of these factors. This is not so clear in Patagonia, however, where there is little CS produced in conversation. We suggest that the members of the speech community use Spanish or Welsh mostly in a monolingual mode, depending on the interlocutor and the social situation.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Research Publications
Departments: College of Arts and Humanities > School of Linguistics and English Language
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2014 17:01
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2016 03:17
ISSN: 1877-4091
URI: http://e.bangor.ac.uk/id/eprint/1775
Identification Number: DOI: 10.1163/187740911X592808
Publisher: Brill
Administer Item Administer Item

eBangor is powered by EPrints 3 which is developed by the School of Electronics and Computer Science at the University of Southampton. More information and software credits.