Formulaic language and collocations in German essays: from corpus-driven data to corpus-based materials

Krummes, C. and Ensslin, A. (2012) Formulaic language and collocations in German essays: from corpus-driven data to corpus-based materials. The Language Learning Journal, 43 ((1)). pp. 110-127. DOI: 10.1080/09571736.2012.694900

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Whereas there exists a plethora of research on collocations and formulaic language in English, this article contributes towards a somewhat less developed area: the understanding and teaching of formulaic language in German as a foreign language. It analyses formulaic sequences and collocations in German writing (corpus-driven) and provides modern language instructors with a hands-on application of phrases to be used in writing (corpus-based). We report on a corpus-driven analysis of over 300 essays written by native speakers of German (Falko-L1) and British undergraduate students of German (WHiG), which revealed that advanced learners rely more on formulaic language than native speakers, that advanced learners prefer macro-structuring devices over micro-structuring devices used by native speakers, and that the learners in WHiG prefer impersonal and indirect stance expressions over direct ones used by native speakers in Falko-L1. Using corpus-based methods, we then present a didactic methodology for modern language instructors on how to approach five keywords that are particularly characteristic of formulaic language use in German academic writing: Zweck �aim�, Beispiel �example�, Ansicht �opinion�, laut �according to�, Fazit �conclusion�.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Research Publications
Departments: College of Arts and Humanities > School of Creative Studies and Media
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2014 16:51
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2015 03:13
ISSN: 0957-1736
URI: http://e.bangor.ac.uk/id/eprint/1259
Identification Number: DOI: 10.1080/09571736.2012.694900
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
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